Life span: 12-14 Years
Height: 6 – 8 inches
Weight: 3 – 7 lbs.
Developed in Central Europe, the Pomeranian is a breed of the Spitz type that is categorized in the toy group. Named after the Pomeranian region of Germany and Poland, the breed exudes a lively and playful spirit. As with most Spitz types, the Pomeranian has a foxlike face and a coat of relatively long hair that comes in black, white, red, and orange. Pomeranians make for great lapdogs and they are very popular in the world of show, as well.
This friendly breed gets along with just about everyone, it loves being the center of attention and will be playful with children and other household pets. However, it might believe to be bigger than it is, which might cause it to get into trouble with bigger dogs.
Their ears are small and remain erect, with a medium sized tail that curls over its back. The eyes can be blue or brown, with a black, brown or isabelline nose. Their double coats are made up of a dense and soft undercoat, and a long and straight overcoat that is soft to the touch. Coat colors include black, grey, brown, light brown, cream colored and white.
Originating in Pomerania, Germany, this breed is related to the Spitz breeds, Norwegian Elkhound, Samoyed, American Eskimo Dog, and Schipperke. One of the Spitz breeds most cloesly related is the German Spitz. Originally, they were much larger dogs that weighed up to 30 pounds and were used to herd sheep. They were brought to England by young Queen Charlotte, when she moved there in 1761 with her two Pomeranian pets to marry King George III. It was not until their daughter, Queen Victoria, reigned, that their popularity rose, given that she bred as many as 15 different breeds. Her Pomeranians, which she fell in love with on a visit to Italy in 1888, were the first ones to be shown. This lead to them being the breed with the most entries to dog shows from 1900 to 1930, which lead to their change in size and appearance. In 1888 they were accepted into the American Kennel Club, earning them popularity in the United States in 1900. In 1909, the American Pomeranian Club was created.
This loving breed is playful and friendly. They enjoy meeting new people and will get along with them right away. They also get along well with children and other household pets, although they might attempt to fight with bigger dogs given that it believes to be much bigger than it is. As friendly as they are, however, they are quite protective of their territory and will bark if they sense anyone near. This also means they can be quite loud, and need to be trained to be quiet on command, or they will be barking constantly.
This breed may suffer from many diseases, including various eye and dental problems. They may also suffer from:
Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.
Collapsed Trachea, in which rapid intakes of air flatten the trachea, making it difficult for air to pass through.
Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Legg-Perthes is a disease caused by the lack of blood reaching the femur bone, causing the cartilage around it to crack and for the bone to eventually collapse, affecting the hip joint, and noticeable through the dog limping.
Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.
This breed needs to be brushed daily, with frequent bathing as well. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They can be quite energetic and do need daily exercise, preferably in the form of short walks. When outside, they should never be left alone, since they are often mistaken as small prey by bigger predators such as hawks. They can be difficult to housetrain, but obedience training should be easy. They should be taught early on to walk on a leash and come when called.