Life span: 12-14 Years
Height: 24 – 28 inches (male), 22 – 26 inches (female)
Weight: 40 – 75 lbs. (male), 35 – 60 lbs. (female)
The Pointer, often referred to as the English Pointer is a pointing breed, and an exceptional gun dog, that is medium to large in size. It has a muscular body and is capable of significant feats of endurance, making it a perfect companion to hunters in the field. Similar to other pointing breeds, the coat of the pointer comes in a variety of different color patterns, such as liver and white, black and white, and solid black or liver. Its facial features display a look of intelligence, giving the breed a noble appearance.
This funny breed loves to spend its time doing two things: spending time with its family and chasing birds. When spending time with its family, it will especially love being the center of attention, receiving love and cuddles!
Their ears are medium sized, with a short tail. The eyes can be hazel or brown, with a black, brown or isabelline nose. Their short coat is dense, straight and soft to the touch. Coat colors include black, brown and white which can be one color, bi colored, tri colored and even ticked.
This breed is believed to have records in Spain dating as far back as the 1600s. The breed as we know it today originated in England, and although its ancestry is unknown, it is believed to be composed of the Spanish Pointer, Italian Pointer, Greyhound, Bloodhound, Foxhound, Bulldog and Setter. They were originally created to be fast companions to be able to catch up to prey, and pointing out rabbits, although it later changed to pointing out birds. In 1884, they were recognized by the American Kennel Club. During the 19th century it was attempted to make them a friendlier breed that was easier to train. Due to its popularity, they were brought into the United States before the Civil War.
They love spending time with their family and being the center of attention. They get along well with children, but are best suited to be with older children that know how to treat it. Although they can adjust to any situation, they are still quite wary of strangers and need to be properly introduced to them. Even so, they are not ideal watchdogs, as they would rather chase birds and will get easily distracted by them. They do get along well with other household pets, but might chase smaller ones.
This breed may suffer from many diseases, including:
Addison’s Disease, or hypoadrenocorticism, which causes a lack of adrenal hormones and can be confused for other diseases. It can be noticed through lethargy, vomiting, lack of appetite, or high levels of potassium, which may lead the dog into a shock and, unfortunately, death.
Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Chondrodysplasia, in which the puppy is born with abnormal limbs regarding their shape and length. It is now possible to test your dog to be able to identify if they carry this gene.
Cherry Eye, in which the gland from the third eyelid extends and looks like a cherry in the corner of your dog’s eye, which can be surgically removed.
Demodectic Mange, or demodicosis, a disorder in which mites (which would otherwise be harmless), passed from the mother to the puppies with weak immune systems, cause hair loss and red, scaly skin. This disease usually passes on its own, but should be checked by a professional in any case.
Entropion, which affects both lower eyelids, is an inward rolling of the eyelid and is treated through various surgeries to prevent ectropion (a rolling out of the eyelid).
Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Neurotropic Osteopathy, which is a bone disease which can lead to degeneration of the spine. It is caused by abnormalities in the nerves and can affect puppies as young as 3 months old or as old as 9 months old.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.
Skin Cysts, in which the dog might develop lumps, and although epidermal and sebaceous cysts tend to not be a problem, they could be if they rupture by becoming infected.
This breed needs only weekly brushing and an occasional bath. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They are highly energetic and require daily exercise, preferably through long walks and play sessions throughout the day. Training should be easy given that they are even in temperament.