Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Life span: 9-10 Years
Height: 27 – 29 inches (male), 25 – 27 inches (female)
Weight: 130 – 150 lbs. (male), 110 – 130 lbs. (female)
As a herding breed, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is especially suited for the herding of cattle. Even though it has a relatively small stature; growing to one foot at the shoulder, its well-balanced disposition and alertness make it a very capable herder. And while the Pembroke can spend all day in the field, it also makes for one of the best house pet dog breeds. The Pembroke has long ears, a lengthy body, and a short coat that comes in colors such as red, fawn, and black and tan.
This loving breed gets along well with other animals, and will always be excited to spend time with its family, especially if it involves playtime. Maybe even a little too excited, in which case it might nip at your feet! But don’t worry, they don’t do it with evil intentions.
Their ears are large and stand erect, with a small tail that also remains erect. The eyes are brown with a black nose. Their double coat is made up of a dense undercoat that is waterproof, and a long and straight outer coat. Coat colors include blue, red, black, brown, light brown and white.
Originating in the 1100s, in Wales, this breed’s name means “dwarf dog” due to its appearance. Although there is a debate about its exact origins, it is believed it was originally introduced as a working dog by Flemish weavers. Its ancestors are believed to include the Pomeranian, Samoyed, Keeshond, Chow-Chow, Schipperke, Finnish Spitz, and Norwegian Elkhound. They were used as herders, but quickly gained popularity as a companion. In 1930 its popularity rose, given that King George VI gave Margaret and Elizabeth, his daughters, a Corgi. Their status as royal dogs remains to this day. In 1934 it was accepted by the American Kennel Club.
This loving breed enjoys being with its family the most and will protect them at all costs. Due to the fact that they are wary of strangers, early socialization is ideal, as well as properly introducing people to them. Although they do get along well with children, they might nip at the children’s feet if they become overly excited during playtime. They can also be loud dogs if they are not taught otherwise. They do get along well with other household pets.
This breed may suffer from many diseases, including:
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Cutaneous Asthenia, also called Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, dominant collagen dysplasia, or dermatosparaxis, is a disease in which the defective connective skin tissue becomes loose, fragile and stretchy, as well as affecting the blood vessels and causing bruising or blisters.
Cystinuria, which is a genetic disorder in which the kidney tubules are unable to reabsorb cystine, causing kidney or bladder stones that can block the urinary tract. It can be life threatening.
Degenerative Myelopathy, a progressive disease in which the part of the spinal cord that communicates to the brain about the back legs is damaged, causing the dogs to not be able to walk properly, and eventually not walk at all.
Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Intervertebral Disc Disease, in which the discs that separate the spine bones degenerate, causing pain and back problems.
Patent Ductus Arteriosis, which is a common congenital heart disease in which a large vessel causing the blood to pass through the heart and evade the lungs doesn’t close when they are born, leading to fluid accumulation in the lungs. This causes labored breathing, fainting, coughing, heart failure, etc, and can be fixed through surgery.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.
Pulmonary Hypertension, which causes high blood pressure in the lungs.
Retinal Dysplasia, a malformation of the retina during its development that is present from birth and is usually mild and has no noticeable effects on the dog’s vision.
Von Willebrand’s Disease, which is a blood disease that affects the clotting process, its symptoms can be nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding from surgery, occasional blood in stools, etc.
This breed should be brushed daily and bathed regularly during shedding season. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. Although they do need daily exercise, they cannot run for long or very fast due to their short legs, but will do fine in a long walk. Although a bit stubborn at times, they are generally easy to train given that they are highly intelligent and willing to please their owners.