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Life span: 9-10 Years

Height: 27 – 29 inches (male), 25 – 27 inches (female)

Weight: 130 – 150 lbs. (male), 110 – 130 lbs. (female)

As part of the working group, the Newfoundland is a large and muscular breed that originated in Canada. They have a thick coat of hair that comes in two recognized colors – black and Landseer. The Newfoundland is exceptionally obedient, often competing in contests that involve agility and tracking. In addition, the Newfoundland is very well suited for water, as its thick coat helps to protect it against frigid temperatures.

This loving breed is extremely intelligent and has a special ability to know when someone has bad intentions towards them or their family. They are great swimmers and love pulling things. They love children and other household pets.

Physical Characteristics

Their ears are large and flop down, with a large and feathered tail that has a slight curve at the end. The eyes are brown with a black nose. Their long coat is dense and wavy, as well as soft to the touch. Coat colors include black, grey, brown, and cream colored.


Originating in Newfoundland Island, Canada, it is believed they were brought from Europe by fishermen. Its ancestry is not clear, but many believe it includes the white Great Pyrenees, French hound, Husky, and Labrador. They were created to work well in water, which worked perfectly, and earned their fame by saving people from drowning. In 1919, a dog from this breed saved twenty people from a shipwreck by pulling their lifeboat to safety. However, people in the island were only allowed to own one dog. Once they began being exported into Europe, their numbers declined. People in America began getting dogs from this breed from Europe, and in WWII they returned the favor, given that they were almost extinct in Europe.


This sweet breed is calm and loving. They are highly intelligent, loyal, and protective of their family. They are wary of strangers and will let you know of anyone within their territory, making them great watchdogs. Many believe they have a special ability to perceive when a person has bad intentions. They get along well with children and other household pets. When it comes to children they are extremely tolerant, but males may be aggressive to other male pets.


This breed may suffer from many diseases, including:

  • Addison’s Disease, or hypoadrenocorticism, which causes a lack of adrenal hormones and can be confused for other diseases. It can be noticed through lethargy, vomiting, lack of appetite, or high levels of potassium, which may lead the dog into a shock and, unfortunately, death.
  • Cancer, noticeable through unusually swollen bumps, bleeding from any orifices, or sores that do not heal, along with difficulty breathing.
  • Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
  • Cherry Eye, in which the gland from the third eyelid extends and looks like a cherry in the corner of your dog’s eye, which can be surgically removed.
  • Cystinuria, which is a genetic disorder in which the kidney tubules are unable to reabsorb cystine, causing kidney or bladder stones that can block the urinary tract. It can be life threatening.
  • Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
  • Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
  • Hypothyroidism, a disease that affects the thyroid gland, its symptoms are ear infections, skin infections, hair loss, lethargy, and depression.

Gastric dilatation-volvulus, or bloat, is a mortal disease in which large chested dogs are affected by eating quickly, drinking lots of water and exercising after. This causes the stomach to inflate with gas and twist, making the dog unable to get rid of the excess air through vomiting, which impedes the normal blood flow to the heart. Its blood pressure then goes down and the dog goes into shock. Without proper, and immediate, medical attention, this could be fatal. Its symptoms may include: retching without vomiting, bloated abdomen, excessive salivation, restlessness, depression, rapid heart rate, weakness, etc.

Ruptured Anterior Cruciate Ligament, which is when the anterior cruciate ligament tears ruptures, causing lameness.

Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, which is a heart problem caused by unusually narrow attachment between the aorta and the left ventricle. It can be noticed through fainting and can eventually lead to death through heart failure.


Their hair must be brushed weekly, with daily brushing during shedding season. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They need to be exercised at least half an hour a day, and enjoy almost all kinds of activities. Training should be easy given that they are highly intelligent. If they will be doing water work, they should be introduced to water by the age of 4 months old.



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