Life span: 11-13 Years
Height: 10 – 12 inches (male), 10 – 11 inches (female)
Weight: 8 – 11 lbs. (male), 7 – 9 lbs. (female)
As with its larger cousin, the Miniature Pinscher originates from Germany, however, it is much smaller in size. The Miniature Pinscher has a solid build and a streamlined body making it relatively quick. It is noted for its “hackney” gait which resembles high-stepping usually associated with horses. The Min Pin has a short coat that ranges in color from red to chocolate and rust, and black and tan.
This breed is a loving family dog that enjoys spending time with their owners. They can be a bit stubborn, especially when it comes to training. They also need a lot of daily exercise, making them ideal for an active family.
Their ears are large and remain erect, with a small tail that is usually cut, but this is not recommended due to its cruelty. The eyes are brown with a black or brown nose. Their coat is short, dense, straight and soft to the touch. Coat colors include black, red, blue, brown, light brown, isabelline and cream colored.
This breed’s origin is unknown, but many believe they go as far as 2,000 years back. However, records of this breed are only found as far back as the 19th century. It is believed to be descendant of the German Pinscher family, Italian Greyhound and Dachshund. Their original purpose was to be a rat hunter, however, it is now better known as a companion dog. The red coat type was nicknamed “Reh Pinscher” due to its similar appearance to the red deer that reside in Germany. In the 1800s, the Pinscher Klub was created in Germany, and their name was later changed into Pinscher-Schnauzer Klub. In 1900, the breed was shown in the Stuttgart Dog Show in Germany. 19 years later, it was brought into the United States, where its popularity skyrocketed and, in 1929, the Miniature Pinscher Club of America was created. That same year, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club.
This breed is often known as the “King of Toys” due to its strong personality and leadership characteristics. Training is vital for this reason, or they might attempt to manipulate you. They enjoy spending time with their family and are extremely loving with children. They are best suited for older children that know how to play with dogs. They do not get along well with other household pets and are wary with strangers. However, they might get along well with other dogs if they are introduced properly and from a young age.
This breed is generally healthy, however, it can suffer from:
- Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
- Hypothyroidism, a disease that affects the thyroid gland, its symptoms are ear infections, skin infections, hair loss, lethargy, and depression.
- Patellar Luxation, a disease where their kneecaps are slightly out of place or even dislocated, although this disease is genetic, it can also happen through injuries.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.
- Legg-Perthes is a disease caused by the lack of blood reaching the femur bone, causing the cartilage around it to crack and for the bone to eventually collapse, affecting the hip joint, and noticeable through the dog limping.
Their hair must be brushed weekly, with their nails trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They are relatively active and need plenty of daily exercise in the form of multiple daily walks. Training can be difficult given that they are stubborn and too smart for their own good, meaning they will attempt to drive their owners to their limit. Obedience training and early socialization are a must for this breed.