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Life span: 11-14 Years

Height: 16 -20 inches.

Weight: 28 – 45 lbs.

Originally developed in Germany, the German Pinscher is of the Pinscher type, which also includes the Dobermann and the Miniature Pinscher. This medium-sized breed has a formidable muscle structure and pointed ears that are accented by its smooth, black and blue coat. The German Pinscher is known for being a playful friend with a seemingly endless amount of energy and this contributes to its fast gait.

Physical Characteristics

This relatively small breed has long ears that bend downwards, almost falling, and a small tail that curves downwards when resting, both of which are usually cut, but this is not recommended due to its cruelty. Their eyes can be hazel or brown with a black or brown nose. Their coat is short and smooth to the touch. Coat colors include black, light brown, brown, red, and blue.


Originating in Germany and dating as far back as the 1600s. This breed’s ancestors include the Rattenfanger, which was crossbred with the Black and Tan Terriers to create the German Pinscher. In 1884, the Pinscher’s breed standard was created, but its popularity did no rise due to the World Wars, and in the 1900s it nearly became extinct. In 1958, the breed was saved thanks to four large Miniature Pinschers, three of which were bred with a female Pinscher. The breed was brought to the United States in 1970 and by 2003 it was accepted into the American Kennel Club.


This protective breed is wary of strangers, and although they are usually quiet within the household, they will bark if they feel the situation requires it. They do get along well with other household pets, as long as they are properly introduced to them and trained, otherwise it might chase them. It does tolerate older children, but will become annoyed and avoid younger, more energetic, children. Even though they are not known for starting fights, they will also not back down if they feel another dog is challenging them. They are highly intelligent and need constant attention.


This breed tends to be healthy, but they may suffer from:

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.

Von Willebrand’s Disease, which is a blood disease that affects the clotting process, its symptoms can be nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding from surgery, occasional blood in stools, etc.


Their hair must be brushed weekly, with only occasional baths given. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. Since they are high energy dogs, they need daily exercise that stimulates them both mentally and physically. Training can be difficult, given that they tend to be too smart for their own good, often attempting to manipulate their owners. Due to this, commands should be given firmly and early socialization as well as obedience training are a must.


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