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FRENCH BULLDOG

Life span: 10-12 Years

Height: 11 -12 inches.

Weight: 15 – 28 lbs.

The French Bulldog, often called Frenchie, is a Bulldog breed that is small in stature. The Frenchie is one of the most popular breeds in the world, ranking in the top 10 in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia. And while it has a muscular body and heavy bone structure, its short, wrinkled nose and bat-like ears make it particularly adorable. The coat of the French Bulldog is smooth and comes in an array of different colors, such as brindle, fawn, and tan.

Physical Characteristics

This small breed has broad and long ears that remain erect, and a small tail that may be screwed. Their eyes can be blue or brown with a black nose. The coat is short, smooth to the touch, and thin. Coat colors include several shades of brown, white, black, and cream color.

History

This breed is a descendant of the English Bulldog, which was originally bred for blood sports. The English Bulldog, when blood sports became illegal, was crossbred with Terriers. This resulted in a smaller bulldog that England had no interest in, and so they were moved to France, where they became quickly popular as companions, giving way to the French Bulldog. It was soon introduced into the United States, where its popularity also rose, and in 1989 it was accepted into the American Kennel Club. Due to their popularity and high demand, however, they are being bred in unsafe environments and sold illegally, causing them to have many diseases.

Personality

This loving dog enjoys spending time with its family the most, as it requires a lot of attention. If left alone for long periods of time it may develop destructive behavior and separation anxiety. If it wants more attention than it is receiving, it might also become noisy, often barking to catch its owner’s attention, although they are normally quiet within the household. They get along well with other household pets, especially if raised together, and are affectionate with children. Females also tend to be protective of them.

Health

This breed may suffer from many diseases, some of which are:

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.

Von Willebrand’s Disease, which is a blood disease that affects the clotting process, its symptoms can be nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding from surgery, occasional blood in stools, etc.

Brachycephalic Syndrome, which is a disorder in which their airways are obstructed, causing them to have a noisy or labored breathing, and sometimes their airways completely collapse. There are many treatments that vary depending on the severeness.

Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.

Intervertebral Disc Disease, in which the discs that separate the spine bones degenerate, causing pain and back problems.

Cleft Palate, a disease that causes an abnormal opening on the roof of the puppy’s mouth and can be surgically corrected at 4 months old.

Elongated Soft Palate, which can obstruct airways and cause difficulty when breathing. It can be corrected through surgery, by removing the excess palate.

Hemivertebrae, in which there is a malformation of one or multiple vertebrae, causing it to be shaped like a triangle and sometimes putting pressure on the spinal cord.

Care

Their coat must be brushed weekly and their folds kept dry and clean. Nails must be trimmed regularly, as well as teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. Given their short snout, they should not be over exercised, especially in weather that is too hot or too humid. Other than that, they should be moderately exercised through a short walk and/or play session with their owners on a daily basis. Training should be relatively easy, even though they tend to be stubborn, since they like to please their owners, especially when given treats.

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