ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL
Life span: 12-14 Years
Height: 19 – 20 inches (male), 18 – 19 inches (female)
Weight: 45 – 50 lbs. (male), 35 – 40 lbs. (female)
Like most breeds in the Spaniel group, the English Springer Spaniel is branded as a gundog that is particularly good at flushing and recovering game. Although the Springer Spaniel is a medium-sized dog, its stamina and excitable temperament make it a very active breed. This high activity level needs to be met with regular exercise and play to ensure that the Springer remains healthy. The breed has long, flowing ears and soft brown and white hair.
This medium sized dog has long ears that flop down and a long tail with a slight curve that stands upright. Their eyes can be hazel, brown, or light brown, with a black or brown nose. Their double coat is made up of a long and protective overcoat, and a soft and dense undercoat. Coat colors include black, white, brown, light brown, red, and blue roan.
In 1576, Dr. John Caius described the Springer Spaniel, even though the Spaniel was not separated into different breeds depending on their functions until 1801. They were, however, separated previously by land and water Spaniels. In the 1700s the Spaniel was brought into the United States and in 1880, when the American Spaniel Club was formed, they were separated into Cocker and Springer Spaniels depending on their size, although they were mostly born within the same litters. Later on, the Spaniels were further separated into multiple breeds depending on many factors, but the Spaniel breed itself was not accepted into the American Kennel Club until 1910.
This happy dog is loving and affectionate with its family, and is especially good with children. They can get along well with other household pets but might see small animals as prey and therefore chase them. They also make great watchdogs as they are wary of strangers. Barking and boredom are especially a problem with this breed as they are highly energetic and noisy, and if bored could develop destructive behavior. This breed cannot be left alone for long or they might suffer from separation anxiety.
Although generally healthy, this breed may suffer from skin disorders. It may also suffer from:
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Ear Infections, which can be prevented by constant cleaning of any debris or excess wax.
Entropion, which affects both lower eyelids, is an inward rolling of the eyelid and is treated through various surgeries to prevent ectropion (a rolling out of the eyelid).
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.
Retinal Dysplasia, a malformation of the retina during its development that is present from birth and is usually mild and has no noticeable effects on the dog’s vision.
Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, Phosphofructokinase is an enzyme that helps the body use sugar for energy, and when there is a deficiency of this it may be mild or severe, in which case the dog may suffer from hyperventilation, muscle wasting, and fever.
Their coat must be brushed weekly and trimmed regularly in the feet, head, neck, and tail. Their nails should also be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They need plenty of daily exercise in the form of long walks or hikes, and a fenced yard to play in. However, they are happiest when indoors with their owners, and so keeping them locked out or alone is not good for this breed. Training can be relatively easy as they are highly intelligent and willing to please. Early socialization is vital with this breed.