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CURLY COATED RETRIEVER

Life span: 9-14 Years

Height: 64-69cm (Male); 58-64cm (Female)

Weight: 32-41kg (Male); 23-32kg (Female)

Curly-Coated Retriever dogs are lively, clever and intelligent dogs. They are sensitive dog breeds which can be possessive for your love. They originated from England and can be easily trainable pets. They shed a little and are not hypoallergenic dogs. Their coat is distinct and has curls over their coat. These breeds have been trained for upland bird and waterfowl hunting. They belong to smart dog breeds.

Physical Characteristics

Their primary characteristic are its tight curls, which cover its entire body. The coat is medium length and dense, and the curls tend to loosen up on the ears. Coat colors can only be black or brown, in a solid color, not mixed. Their ears are medium length and flop down, and their tail is medium length as well and is completely straight, usually resting down. The eyes can be hazel or brown with a black or brown nose that matches its coat color.

History

Although their beginnings are unknown, it is believed they originated in the United Kingdom, and that its ancestors included the Retriever Setters, Poodles, Irish and English Water Spaniels, and St. John’s Newfoundland. They are believed to be the first ever breed to be used as retrievers, and they were shown for the first time in England, in 1860. English gamekeepers valued them highly for their hunting skills, and therefore trained them to be retrievers as well, but their popularity as hunters faded when the Labrador appeared, stealing the spotlight. After World War I, they almost became extinct, with only five known to exist. Although they did recover afterwards, after World War II they almost became extinct again. They were brought to the United States in 1907, and were registered into the American Kennel Club until 1924. In the 1960s more dogs of this breed were brought into the United States, and in 1979 the Curly Coated Club of America was formed.

Personality

This breed is known for being affectionate and playful with their family. However, they never seem to grow out of their puppy stage personality, and so they often believe they are smaller than they are, making it troublesome for play sessions with younger kids that cannot handle the dog’s strength. This also means they are full of fun and energy all the way through their adult years, never losing the enthusiasm or playfulness. They are even tempered but wary of strangers, and will need proper introduction and plenty of socialization in order to remain calm with strangers within its territory. Even though this dog behaves like a puppy throughout its years, it does need an owner that gives it firm commands, yet is still kind with them.

Health

This breed can suffer from many diseases and conditions. Some of these are:

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Ectropion, a rolling out of the eyelid that exposes the eye to infections and can be corrected through surgery.

Entropion, which affects both lower eyelids, is an inward rolling of the eyelid and is treated through various surgeries to prevent ectropion (a rolling out of the eyelid).

Adenocarcinoma, in which malignant cells grow to form tumors, often resulting in cancer. The cells may originate in the uterus, intestines and mammary glands, from which they can spread to anywhere in the body.

Distichiasis, which causes an additional row of eyelashes to appear along the edge of the eyelid, causing irritation of the eye. It can be corrected through surgery.

Fibrosarcoma, which is a type of tumor found in fibrous connective tissue, affecting any part of the body, even bones.

Gastric dilatation-volvulus, or bloat, is a mortal disease in which large chested dogs are affected by eating quickly, drinking lots of water and exercising after. This causes the stomach to inflate with gas and twist, making the dog unable to get rid of the excess air through vomiting, which impedes the normal blood flow to the heart. Its blood pressure then goes down and the dog goes into shock. Without proper, and immediate, medical attention, this could be fatal. Its symptoms may include: retching without vomiting, bloated abdomen, excessive salivation, restlessness, depression, rapid heart rate, weakness, etc.

Glycogen Storage Disease, which is a metabolic disorder caused when the body is unable to release glycogen, leading to other conditions such as liver disease. Some of its signs are exercise intolerance, lethargy, or collapse.

Hemangiosarcoma, a type of cancer found in the spleen and the lining of blood vessels.

Mastocytoma, tumors in the mast cells.

Melanoma, which is a type of cancer that forms in the pigment producing cells of the skin, and can also be found inside the mouth and gums. The malignant cells can spread to other parts of the body, causing more tumors.

Osteosarcoma, which is a bone cancer typical in large dogs. It is aggressive and often the limb needs to be cut off along with giving the dog chemotherapy.

Pattern Baldness, a hereditary disease that causes balding and hair thinning in certain areas of the dog’s body, starting as early as when the puppy is six months old and with no known treatment.

Persistent Pupillary Membrane, remnants of fetal membrane in the eye which tend to disappear on their own. If they persist they may cause cataracts, this can be treated with eye drops given to you by your veterinarian.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.

Lymphosarcoma, a type of cancer that can be found in multiple parts of the body, such as the spleen, liver, bone marrow, etc.

Retinal Dysplasia, a malformation of the retina during its development that is present from birth and is usually mild and has no noticeable effects on the dog’s vision.

Care

During shedding season, females may look like they have no coat, and males can have their hair trimmed. Bathing and brushing can be done occasionally, except during shedding season, when brushing will have to be more frequent. Their teeth should be brushed regularly, as well as their nails trimmed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They need daily exercise, although with this established, they can live in any home environment, as they also know how to be lazy around the house. When training this breed, the owner needs to be firm when giving commands, yet kind and loving. It may be difficult given that they lose interest quickly, but with fun and varied training sessions, as well as positive reinforcement, it can be achieved.

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