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Life span: 14-16 Years

Height: 25-30cm (Male); 22-27cm (Female)

Weight: 4-6kg (Male); 3.5-5kg (Female)

Cotton De Tulear is a dog breed which is lively, playful, affectionate, and intelligent dogs. They originated from Tulear city of Madagascar and had soft, cotton-like coat. These dog breeds are obedient and easily trainable for agility, behavioral sessions. The dog breed sheds and is hypoallergenic breeds.

Physical Characteristics

This small breed has a strong body, with small ears that flop down and a tail that curls at the end. Its eyes are brown with a black nose. Its coat is long and dense, and are usually completely white. When they do have other colors, it is in the form of small spots that can be brow, grey or black during their early years, and eventually fades into a lighter variation of the color.


They were first found in Madagascar, although if they originated there or were brought is unknown, as well as the exact time they were found. The primary theory seems to be that they traveled in boats as entertainment and hunters of pests, and during a shipwreck they swam to the shore of Madagascar, being the only survivors. They adapted to life there, ranging from being scavengers and surviving on the streets, to being pets in wealthy homes. They were then named the “Royal dog of Madagascar”. Their intelligence and alertness nowadays is said to be derived of their time adapting to the island as scavengers. It was not until the 1970s that a French visitor found the dog and it officially became a breed. He brought them back with him to France, and in that same time span, they were brought to North America as well.


This loving dog is very attached with its family, and does not like to be left alone. If left alone for long periods of time it might develop destructive behavior. It gets along well with other household pets, especially if they are its company when the family isn’t home, and with children, although they are not so tolerant with them. They especially enjoy spending time with older children who will not harm it, given their playful nature. They are friendly with strangers, and not usually loud, only barking a few times if something catches its attention. They can be difficult to train since they become easily bored, but with positive reinforcement and variation during sessions it can be achieved.


Although generally healthy, this breed tends to suffer from:

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.


This dog can be very difficult to groom. When its hair is not kept short, they need daily brushing with a special comb in order to reach the hair next to its skin so it doesn’t mat. Their ears should be checked regularly for any dirt in order to prevent infections, as well as their teeth brushed and nails trimmed. They require daily exercise as well, and usually a daily walk with its owners along with plenty of toys to give him mental stimulation should suffice. Training can be quite difficult, as the sessions need to be varied and interesting, otherwise your dog will become bored and not pay attention, sometimes even developing destructive behavior. Obedience training and early socialization are a must with this breed.



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