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COLLIE

Life span: 14-16 Years

Height: 56-61cm (Male); 56-61cm (Female)

Weight: 20-29kg (Male); 18-25kg (Female)

Collie dogs are graceful, gentle, loyal, obedient dog breeds which can be easily trained for behavioral and agility training sessions. Collie is active and energetic dogs which can relieve all your stress. They originated from Scotland, United Kingdom. They are long-coated dog breeds and shed a lot. Collie dogs are not hypoallergenic, and you can adopt them without any hassle.

Physical Characteristics

The Collie has two types of coats, rough and smooth. Rough coated Collies have a long coat that shortens around the legs and head, conformed of a rough protective coat and a smooth and extremely dense undercoat.Smooth coated Collies have shorter hair, which is conformed of a short outercoat and a dense, soft undercoat. Their ears are small and stand nearly erect, folding at the end, and their tail is long and is usually downwards when resting. Their eyes are brown with a black nose. Coat colors may include black, white, brown, light brown, and blue.

History

They originated in the Highland Regions of Scotland, and were used mainly for herding. Since the concentration lay mainly on their abilities, their appearance greatly varied. They were brought by nomads into Southern England during the stone age, in which they became tougher and smarter. Many believed that it was brought to the British Isles by the Romans, around two thousand years ago. It is said they were saved by Queen Victoria, who upon seeing them in Scotland, decided to bring some with her back to England in 1860. It was then that the Collie first appeared on a show, in the “Scotch Sheep-dogs” category in Birmingham, England. They were brought to the United States in 1879, with the Collie Club of America being created in 1886. The breed’s popularity rose when “Lassie” aired in the 1950s.

Personality

This breed is known for mostly for its role in “Lassy”, where its personality is well represented. They are loyal and extremely protective of their family, especially when it comes to children, and they are especially intelligent. They are playful yet gentle, making them perfect playmates for young children and small, delicate pets. Although not aggressive, they do bark when someone is within their territory, making them great watchdogs. Being with their families is what they most enjoy, and so being left alone for long periods of time is upsetting to them, and therefore not a good idea. They do need quite a lot of daily exercise, but as long as they get it, they can adapt to any household. Training is easy since they are intelligent creatures that love to please their owners.

Health

This breed tends to be healthy, however, they can suffer from:

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.

Drug Sensitivity, in which the dog is sensitive to medications such as heartworm medication, anesthesia, insecticides, or other medications.

Nodular Granulomatous Episclerokeratitis, or Nodular Fascitis, and Fibrous Histiocytoma, is believed to be an immune disorder which can be treated with anti-inflammatories and immunosuppressive medications.

Eye Anomaly, which can cause many eye related diseases, changes and abnormalities, as well as lead to blindness in extreme cases. There is no treatment, and it appears when the dog is around two years old.

Nasal Solar Dermatitis, in which the nose skin oozes, peels, and loses color. It can be managed by using sunscreen and limiting the exposure to sunlight. If untreated it may become painful and turn into cancer.

Dermatomyositis, an inherited autoimmune skin disorder that causes muscle problems and lesions.

Care

Smooth coated Collies need regular grooming, especially during shedding season. Rough coated Collies need weekly brushing, with especial attention to the areas behind the ears and elbows. If spayed, females shed once a year, but if not they usually shed three months after their heat cycle. Males shed around their birthdays. They need daily exercise, and having a fenced yard to play fetch is a good idea for this breed, although they should not be left alone there for long, or will become loud. They enjoy doing exercise as much as being lazy around the house as long as it’s with their owner. Training is easy as they are smart and willing to please. They especially love learning, so preparing them for competitions and such would be a great joy for both you and your Collie!

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