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COCKER SPANIEL

Life span: 10-12 Years

Height: 38-43cm (Male); 36-41cm (Female)

Weight: 13-16kg (Male); 12-15kg (Female)

Cocker Spaniel breeds are commonly known as English Cocker Spaniel dogs and have emerged from England. Cocker Spaniel is an active, energetic, good-natured, sporting dog. They are playful, friendly, quiet, affectionate dogs which can be adopted even by apartment owners. There is a variety of Cocker’s which can be used for field, works, shows. They shed and are not hypoallergenic dog breeds.

Physical Characteristics

This small breed has long and overflowing hair that is shorter on the head and feathered on the legs, abdomen and chest. Their tail is naturally short but usually cut, although this is not recommended due to its cruelty, and its ears are long and floppy with wavy hair. Their eyes are brown with a black or brown nose. The doublecoat is made up of long and soft to the touch outercoat and a dense undercoat. The coat can be brown, light brown, reddish-brown, black, red, grey, white, blue, and cream colored.

History

The Spaniel’s history goes as far back as the 14th century. They were brought to the United States in 1620 and registered in 1878. In 1946 the American Kennel Club separated the English Cocker Spaniel from the American Cocker Spaniel, although they were all originally used for hunting woodcocks, hence their name. In the 1800s, the English Cocker Spaniels in particular were brought to the United States. Many breeders thought the Spaniel great for shows, and bred them to be smaller, making them popular as companion dogs. Unfortunately, in an attempt to produce more Spaniels to fill demand, commercial breeders began producing sickly groups of puppies, but when the puppy mills were closed and strict breeding rules put in place, the breed was able to get healthy again.

Personality

This friendly dog is sweet and loving with their families as well as highly intelligent. They don’t like noisy places, and so a home with younger children is not the best place for this puppy. They cannot be left alone for too long and cannot be trusted around birds, even if they are household pets, or other small animals. Even though they like quiet environments, they are not quiet, and often bark loudly. Although they are active and need exercise, laying in the couch next to you is also a fun activity for them.

Health

This breed tends to suffer from eye abnormalities, and many other diseases, some of which are:

Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.

Autoimmune diseases, in which the autoimmune system attacks the organs and cells of the body as they would normally attack a disease.

Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.

Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.

Glaucoma, which causes pressure to build up in the eye and may lead to blindness or cause severe harm in just a few hours. Symptoms can include squinting, red eyes, tearing, eye rubbing, etc. It must be treated as soon as possible.

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Hypothyroidism, a disease that affects the thyroid gland, its symptoms are ear infections, skin infections, hair loss, lethargy, and depression.

Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.

Primary Seborrhea, in which there is an overproduction of sebaceous oil cells, causing scaly and greasy skin that has a foul smell.

Care

This dog’s coat is quite high maintenance, as it needs daily thorough brushing with a fine comb that has medium spacing between the teeth, and a gentle slicker brush afterwards. Missing a session is not recommended, as their hair gets easily tangled, that said, if you encounter any tangles, don’t force them but instead pull them apart with your hands gently. When bathing, it also has to be thorough, and it is recommended to use a shampoo for sensitive skin, as the soap might damage the dog’s skin, which also means they require thorough rinsing. After bathing, they need to be dried with a blow dryer, and be sure to check their skin, ears and eyes for any abnormalities. They are not high energy dogs and so a walk alongside their owners or simply fetching a ball should suffice. Training is easy, as this breed loves to please people, but it will not respond to negative training, instead use positive reinforcement.

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