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Life span: 10-12 Years

Height: 58-66cm (Male); 53-61cm (Female)

Weight: 30-36kg (Male); 25-32kg (Female)

Chesapeake Retriever dogs are intelligent and affectionate pets which are easily sociable to the family environment. They are cheerful and protective pets which can be guard dogs. They emerged from the United States of America. These dog breeds shed heavily and are not hypoallergenic breeds. You must clean your home and carpets often.

Physical Characteristics

This large dog has a unique coat that seems to be waterproof. Its coat has two layers, each has oil in it and properties that allow it to dry quickly, the undercoat is dense and short, as well as soft. The coat can be red or brown and is always wavy, dense and soft to the touch. Their tails are medium length and rest down, and their ears are medium sized as well, sitting high atop their heads and bending down. The eyes can be brown or light brown, with a brown nose.


This breed’s history begins when two puppies were rescued in 1807 from a sinking ship, and given to the rescuers as a gesture. Then, they became water loving dogs and skillful retrievers. Many believe they are ancestors to breeds such as the Hounds and Water Spaniels, but its own ancestors are unknown. Dogs from the Chesapeake Bay were sorted into one of three versions of the Chesapeake Bay Ducking Dog in 1877, and labeled the Chesapeake Bay Retriever until 1918, the same year the breed was accepted into the American Kennel Club. Their fame rose after they began retrieving ducks from ice cold water without having any trouble, sometimes retrieving up to 200 dogs per day. Although the breed’s appearance has changed slightly over the years, its main aspect remains untouched and recognizable by its fanatics. It became the official state dog of Maryland in 1964, as well as the University of Maryland’s mascot. It has been adored by people such as Theodore Roosevelt, and its popularity continues to grow.


These dogs are independent yet loving with their families, as well as highly protective of them. They get along well with children and other household pets if introduced at an early age, but will be wary of strangers and chase animals outside of their families, sometimes even becoming aggressive towards strange dogs. They are highly active and need daily exercise, although inside the house they will be calm. After they have had their exercise for the day, they will be happy to just be lazy around the house. They are excellent family dogs but do need an owner that is able to control them. Training can be difficult due to its independent nature, but with patience and positive reinforcement, it can be achieved.


Although generally healthy, this breed can suffer from:

Gastric dilatation-volvulus, or bloat, is a mortal disease in which large chested dogs are affected by eating quickly, drinking lots of water and exercising after. This causes the stomach to inflate with gas and twist, making the dog unable to get rid of the excess air through vomiting, which impedes the normal blood flow to the heart. Its blood pressure then goes down and the dog goes into shock. Without proper, and immediate, medical attention, this could be fatal. Its symptoms may include: retching without vomiting, bloated abdomen, excessive salivation, restlessness, depression, rapid heart rate, weakness, etc.

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.

Von Willebrand’s Disease, which is a blood disease that affects the clotting process, its symptoms can be nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding from surgery, occasional blood in stools, etc.

Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.

Chondrodysplasia, in which the puppy is born with abnormal limbs regarding their shape and length. It is now possible to test your dog to be able to identify if they carry this gene.


This breed is easy to maintain, needing only weekly brushing and an occasional bath. They also need their nails trimmed regularly, ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections and teeth brushed. They need plenty of daily exercise and a job to do to keep them occupied, meaning a walk won’t suffice. The yard should be fenced and when taken out they should remain on a leash. Training must begin at an early age, along with socialization. Obedience training is a must for this breed.


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