Life span: 12-15 Years
Height: 29cm (Male); 27cm (Female)
Weight: 5.9-10 kg
Cesky Terrier dogs are smaller dog breeds which can be friendly, calm and easy to train. They are cheerful as well as quiet pets which are a better option for apartment owners. Cesky Terrier dogs are hypoallergenic, and pet owners with allergies can adopt any other breeds. They originated from the Czech Republic.
This small breed is long, with short legs, a medium length tail that is usually carried straight, and small ears that sit high atop its head and fold down. Their eyes can be brown or light brown with a black nose. Their coat is short on most of the body, and long along the bottom and on its snout, creating a beard and mustache. It is soft to the touch and wavy. Puppies are born with a black coat, and as they grow, their coat color changes to either brown or grey, with brown, light brown, white, grey, or yellow furnishings.
Originating in Czechoslovakia, this breed was created by Frantisek Horak, a Czech breeder, in 1948. He crossbred Sealyhams with Scottish Terriers in order to create a dog that could hunt down mice, rats and foxes without getting stuck in their dens. The resulting breed was the Cesky Terrier, which was mainly known for its good temperament. It was brought into the United States in the 1980s, with the Cesky Terrier Club being created in 1988. The American Cesky Terrier Fanciers Association was formed in 2004, but the breed was not completely accepted into the American Kennel Club until 2011. Even though it is recognized by many clubs, it is still a rare breed.
They are naturally calm dogs and should never be aggressive. They are loyal to their families and highly protective of them. Due to their patience and playfulness, they are wonderful with children and other household pets. They are very intelligent and although they are easier to train than most Terriers, they can also be quite stubborn. Usually, they are wary of strangers, but can be friendly to a certain point. Their personality makes them the perfect dogs for first time owners and as therapy dogs. Early socialization is important for the Cesky.
Although generally healthy, this breed needs to be checked for any heart conditions, thyroid problems, and eye diseases. They can also suffer from:
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Lens Luxation, in which the ligament that holds the lens eye in place deteriorates, causing it to fall out of place. It can be treated through surgery, but in severe cases the eye might need to be removed.
Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), in which the dogs may become night blind at first and progressively lose their day eyesight as well.
Scotty Cramps, in which your dog may make unusual movements, and although it can be debilitating, it is not life-threatening.
Glomerulonephritis, which refers to many kidney diseases, most of which are caused by inflammation of the kidney’s blood vessels.
Different from other Terriers, the Cesky’s coat does not need to be hand stripped, but instead just needs to be trimmed, brushed weekly and bathed regularly. Their ears should be checked regularly for any dirt to prevent infections, as well as their teeth brushed and their nails trimmed. They are not as active as other Terriers, but do need daily exercise, and are satisfied with a simple walk. They should always be kept on a leash when going outside and the yard must be fenced. Training is still difficult, even though they are less stubborn than other Terrier breeds, and although they do need firm training, they should not lack any love. Early socialization is important for this breed.