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Life span: 9-14 Years

Height: 30-33cm (Male); 30-33cm (Female)

Weight: 5.9-8.2kg (Male); 5.9-8.2kg (Female)

Cavalier is small toy dog breed which is active, playful and energetic pets. They are affectionate and easy to socialize with your neighbors. They originated from the United Kingdom and can be easy for training sessions. Cavalier dogs shed hairs but are not hypoallergenic pets. Hence you can adopt them even if you have pet allergies.

Physical Characteristics

This small breed has an endearing appearance that is sure to turn heads. Its tail is feathered, medium sized, and in constant movement. It has ears that are medium sized, hairy and fall elegantly, and the eyes are brown with a black nose. Their coat is relatively long and dense, as well as straight, although it might have a slight wave to it. The coat colors can be red, brown, black, or white, and it might be twocolored or tricolored, and sometimes have spots on it.


Originating in the United Kingdom, this dog is believed to have the Toy Spaniel as its ancestor. Although it also has history leading back to Italy, Malta and the Far East, most of what this breed consists of is product of its time spent with royalty. Its name comes from the fact that it was King Charles I and II’s favorite breed, to the point that they were allowed in all public places. In 1920, the breed standard was established, and in 1952 it appeared in the United States, although it was not accepted into the American Kennel Club until 1995, when their popularity started to rise tremendously.


This friendly breed is sweet, loving and gentle with its family. They adore children and will be extremely playful with them. They also get along well with other pets and given their gentle nature, they are great lap dogs that love cuddling, making them the perfect choice for elderly or disabled owners. The Cavalier enjoys a day in cuddling as much as training for a competition, meaning it can be calm or highly active, as long as it is in company of its owner. They cannot be left alone for long periods of time, and are easy to train if done gently and with love.


The Cavalier is usually a healthy breed, but they may suffer from:

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.

Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.

Mitral Valve Disease, which may be common in older dogs, but can happen in young dogs in rare cases. It consists of a heart murmur that increases until it provokes heart failure.

Syringomyelia, which affects both the brain and the spine, caused by a malformation of the skull which gives less space for the brain. Symptoms can be a mild discomfort, pain, or even partial paralysis, and can appear as early as at six months of age and up to four years of age. You can identify it through your dog trying to scratch one side of its head without actually scratching anything.

Episodic Falling, usually confused with epilepsy, is a similar disease, but the dog is conscious during the seizure. It may be caused by the dog being tense and unable to relax its muscles.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, or dry eye, is caused by an autoimmune reaction to the tear glands that causes lack of tears, and can lead to blindness.


This breed’s beautiful coat can be hard to maintain, and requires weekly brushing as well as regular bathing. Its nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as its teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They are happy with any level of exercise they are given, whether it is as little as a daily small walk, or training for a competition, and even just staying home cuddling and playing. This is, of course, as long as it is in company of its owner. The yard should, however, be fenced. Training should be easy, as this dog loves to please its owners. It does have a gentle nature and should not be treated harshly ever.


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