Life span: 8-10 years
Height: 31-40cm (Male); 31-40cm (Female)
Weight: 23-25kg (Male); 18-23kg (Female)
Bull dog belongs to medium-sized breeds and is often referred as English or British Bulldogs. These dog breeds originated from England, United Kingdom. Bulldogs shed, but not too much like other dog breeds. Bulldogs are not hypoallergenic and can be adopted by every pet parents.
This small dog is heavy for its size, which can often be an inconvenience if you’re not ready for it, and has skin folds all over its body. Its ears are small and loosely bent, with a naturally small tail that can be straight or tightly curled. Its eyes are brown with a black nose. Their coats are short and straight, yet smooth, and can be red, light brown, brown, black or white.
Its ancestors include the Mastiffs brought from Asian areas to Europe. As it was crossbred multiple times, it became what we now know as the Bulldog, originally used for bull baiting, in which the dog would avoid the bull and then bite it in its nose. The bulldog had very high pain tolerance but still got injured and even killed during the sport, which was thankfully outlawed in 1835 in England. Being bred for the purpose of a blood sport, this dog was aggressive at the time, and so they began being bred again until they became gentle and loving. They appeared in America and Germany afterwards as companion dogs, helping create many breeds, in which the Boxer breed is included. It became highly popular and is now the mascot to several Universities, as well as the US Marine Corps.
This breed is calm and quiet within the household, although highly protective of its family. It tends to get along with other household pets, especially if trained right, even those that are a new addition. It adores children, but this is not an active dog, and so it might not have the energy to be constantly playing with them. They enjoy spending time with their families, especially if it involves a night in, laying in the couch. Training can be difficult, given that they tend to be stubborn, but with patience and positive reinforcement, it can be achieved. Socialization is very important, so your puppy learns to fit in with other animals and humans.
Bulldogs may suffer from many conditions, including many tail and skin problems, so be sure to regularly check their folds. They may also suffer from:
Cherry Eye, in which the gland from the third eyelid extends and looks like a cherry in the corner of your dog’s eye, which can be surgically removed.
Entropion, which affects both lower eyelids, is an inward rolling of the eyelid and is treated through various surgeries to prevent ectropion (a rolling out of the eyelid).
Fold dermatitis, which is a skin infection that can be caused by moisture in the skin folds and can be noticed through odor, sores and/or redness on the infected area.
Reverse Sneezing, which may happen at any moment, is when the nasal secretions go into the soft palate and cause the windpipe to close. The dog will begin wheezing and panicking. Calming them down and helping them breathe is the best solution, which can be done by talking soothingly, forcing them to breathe through their mouths by covering their nose, etc.
Demodectic Mange, or demodicosis, a disorder in which mites (which would otherwise be harmless), passed from the mother to the puppies with weak immune systems, cause hair loss and red, scaly skin. This disease usually passes on its own, but should be checked by a professional in any case.
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.
Head Shakes, in which their head shakes uncontrollably, and is most likely caused by stress or low sugar. They are aware of what is happening, so distracting them from the shaking or giving them honey may fix the issue.
Brachycephalic Syndrome, which is a disorder in which their airways are obstructed, causing them to have a noisy or labored breathing, and sometimes their airways completely collapse. There are many treatments that vary depending on the severeness.
Although it may not seem like it, the Bulldog may need quite a lot of maintenance. It needs brushing two to three times a week, especially during shedding season, and its skin folds should be cleaned and checked constantly. After cleaning the fold, you can apply cornstarch to help them dry, but this should never be applied near the eyes. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and ears checked for any dirt to prevent infection. They are not highly active dogs, and so an occasional walk will suffice, but they enjoy spending time with their families and laying on the couch much more. Training can be quite difficult, since they tend to be stubborn, but they also want to please their owners, and so with patience and positive reinforcement it can be achieved. They are especially fond of chewing toys and playing tug of war, and so teaching them to let go on command and to not become protective with their food is important. Early socialization is very important with this breed.