Life span: 10-15 Years
Height: 17-20 cm
Weight: 3-6 kg
Brussels Griffon also known as Griffon Bruxellois belongs to toy-breed dogs. They are named after their origin city, Brussels, Belgium. They are hypoallergenic and do shed hairs on your clean carpets. Brussels are sensitive, alert and inquisitive pets which can be a better furry companion for years.
Known as a “toy breed”, this dog has a small yet strong body. Its tail is naturally short and stands erect, its ears sit high atop its head and are small and fall down, and its jaw is usually undershot. Its eyes are brown with a black nose. Their coat can be one of two variations, either rough or smooth, rough coats have wiry hairs, while smooth coats have straight hair. Their coat can be brown, light brown, red, black, or cream colored.
Originally from Belgium, Brussels, this breed has been around for over 200 years. The Griffon d’Ecurie became popular as guard dog and mice hunter for cab drivers and farmers, and was crossbred with the pug in the 1800s, creating the Brussels Griffon breed. They were then crossbred with the Affenpinscher, English Toy Spaniel, and Yorkshire Terrier to achieve the breed as we now know it. Nowadays, they are considered a rare breed, and although the breed itself has three varieties known as Brussels Griffon, Belgium Griffon and Petit Brabancon, the American Kennel Club only recognizes the Brussels Griffon. It has been seen in many movies, but is still not very popular, although it is recognized by multiple associations.
They are loyal and loving with their families, and will always protect them. They are friendly to strangers when properly introduced to them by their owners, but might not be as friendly towards children, as it desires to be the center of attention. When it comes to other dogs, it will get along well with them, but might have a “big dog attitude” in which it acts as if it is bigger than it is during confrontations. Training can be a bit difficult, since they can have quite the attitude. However, they are quite intelligent and with positive reinforcement, patience and variation during training, it can be achieved.
Brussels Griffons are generally healthy, but their eyes must be regularly checked to ensure the hair on their faces does not disturb them, since they tend to suffer from many eye problems. They can also suffer from:
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.
Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.
Smooth coated Griffons need weekly brushing, while rough coated Griffons tend to have their hair constantly cut short. During shedding season, smooth coated Griffons need daily brushing, rough coated Griffons do not shed. Their ears should be checked constantly for any dirt to prevent infections, as well as their nails trimmed and teeth brushed. They need daily exercise and are happiest when this is done alongside their owner. Training can be a bit difficult due to the Griffon’s personality, but its high intelligence and love for its owner might make it easier. With positive reinforcement and variation to prevent boredom, training can be successful.