Life span: 14-15 Years
Height: 47-52cm (Male); 46-51cm (Female)
Weight: 14-18kg (Male); 14-18kg (Female)
Brittany is a tireless, active, energetic, fun-loving, agile dog breed which can be easily adopted to the family environments. They are often referred as Spaniel and are used for hunting birds. Brittany originated from France and do not shed.
This medium sized dog has a strong yet lean body, with a naturally short tail that remains erect and ears that are set high atop its head and flop down. Its eyes can be hazel, brown or light brown, with a black, brown or isabelline nose. Their coat is dense, medium length and can be either wavy or straight, and is usually longer on the back of the legs, and the ears. It can be bicolor or tricolor. Coat colors include orange, white, brown, light brown, red, black, grey, isabelline, and cream color, and it may have ticking on the white areas.
The exact beginning of the Brittany is unknown, but records of it begin in the 17th century, when it is shown in paintings and tapestries. Written records do not appear until 1850, when Reverend Davis wrote about the breed being used as a hunting dog to point and retrieve. They were bred in a town called Pontou, in the province of Brittany, and many believe it was crossbred in the 1900s, although it is highly debated with what breed it was crossbred. These were named Brittany Spaniels. It gained popularity with time and in 1907 a breed standard was established. It appeared in the United States in 1931, where it was first used as a family companion and in 1934 it was accepted into the American Kennel Club, with its name being shortened to Brittany in 1982.
This breed is perfect not only as a hunting companion, but a family pet. It is extremely affectionate and loving as well as protective, especially with children, although its highly energetic nature may cause it to unknowingly harm the children. They tend to be wary with strangers, and although they get along well with other dogs, their hunter instinct may lead them to chasing smaller animals. They may get along with cats if they are raised together. This breed tends to be very sensitive, and training should be gentle or it may lead to an overly shy dog. If not exercised properly, it may develop nervous habits.
This breed tends to be very healthy, but may suffer from:
Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Hypothyroidism, a disease that affects the thyroid gland, its symptoms are ear infections, skin infections, hair loss, lethargy, and depression.
Their coat needs to be brushed once or twice a week only. Their ears should be checked for dirt to prevent infections, as well as their nails trimmed and teeth brushed regularly. Its highly energetic nature means it needs daily exercise, whether through long walks or runs on a leash, and the yard should always be fenced. Training should be done in a gentle matter and is easy to accomplish, since they aim to please their owners. Early socialization is important.