Life span: 12-13 Years
Height: 58-67cm (Male); 55-62cm (Female)
Weight: 25-40kg (Male); 25-40kg (Female)
Bracco Italiano was developed as a gun dog and are playful, loyal, affectionate breeds. They are easy to train for behavioral and agility training sessions. They originated from Italy, and they do not shed most. Bracco Italiano has been known as Italian Pointer, is the Italy’s native hunting dog breed.
Its body is strong and well proportioned, with elastic skin that is tough but thins around the armpits, throat, head, groin, and stomach. Its ears are long and floppy, with a medium sized tail that curves at the end and is normally resting down. Its eyes can be blue or brown with a brown or isabelline nose. Its short coat is dense and glossy, being especially short around the ears, head and legs. It always has white that can be paired with orange, brown, light brown, or black, although it can also be strictly white. It usually has ticking on the white areas and a white face mask.
While some people believe the Bracco Italiano’s history may start around the 4th and 5th century, others believe it actually began in the 14th century. Its lineage, however, cannot be traced effectively so far back. It is believed that the orange and white Bracco originated in Piedmont, while the brown and roan in Lombardy. Orange and white Braccos were used for hunting in the mountains, while the brown and roan were used to work in the lowlands. Originally they hunted driving the prey were the owner wanted it, but when guns were created, these became point and retrieve hunters. It was mostly owned by European nobility, almost becoming extinct in the 20th century and revived by Ferdinando Delor de Ferrabouc and the Societa Amatori Bracco Italiano. Orange and white were crossbred with brown and roan, after which the breed standard was set (1949), leading to its acceptance into the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1956. It was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006, and its club was formed in 2007, being accepted into the American Kennel Club in 2010.
This hunting dog is also a sweet home companion, it is calm tempered and affectionate with its family. They are both highly energetic and intelligent, therefore needing plenty of mental and physical stimulation. They are also playful, and get along well with children and other dogs, although it values its personal space and expects children to respect it. It can be wary of strangers but is not violent, and with early socialization and proper introduction, can get along with anyone. Due to its hunting instinct, however, it does not get along well with small animals and will often chase them. This means that the yard should always be fenced and when exercising, the dog should always be kept on a leash.
Although generally a healthy breed, the Bracco Italiano may suffer from:
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Ear Infections, which can be prevented by constant cleaning of any debris or excess wax.
Ectropion, a rolling out of the eyelid that exposes the eye to infections and can be corrected through surgery.
Entropion, which affects both lower eyelids, is an inward rolling of the eyelid and is treated through various surgeries to prevent ectropion (a rolling out of the eyelid).
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Renal Amyloidosis, which is a rare disease in which amyloid proteins (proteins that the dog’s body is unable to recycle) are placed inside organ until they build up, damaging the kidney and making it unable to filter the body’s waists and break down proteins, eventually leading to kidney failure. There are many treatments for this disease.
Their short coats need little care, with only weekly brushing and an occasional bath. Their ears, however, need regular cleaning in order to prevent infections, and their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed. They are highly active and therefore need daily exercise, whether it involves going out for a run or simply running around freely in an enclosed space such as a fenced yard. Training can be easy, since they aim to please their owners and enjoy doing so, although they might be a little stubborn or independent at times. They are better suited for a family that will put to use its hunting abilities and/or give it a job to do. Early socialization is required with this breed.