Life span: 10-12 Years
Height: 57-63cm (Male); 53-60cm (Female)
Weight: 60-70 pounds
Boxer belongs to medium-sized dog breed list, and they do not shed due to their short-hairs. Boxer dogs are playful, active, intelligent, loyal and charming breeds which can be fearless and protective for the pet parents. They originated from Germany, and they shed a quite, but you can manage with pet allergies.
Their body is full of muscles, yet it allows them to be agile. Their tail is naturally small and usually cut, although this is not recommended due to its cruelty, and their ears are small and thin, creating wrinkles in its forehead when they stand at attention, these are also usually cut. Its eyes are brown with a black nose. Its coat is short and soft to the touch and can be any shade of brown and black, usually mixed together. In occasions they will also have white marks on their chest and feet, and very rarely be completely white.
Its exact origins are unknown and greatly debated. What everyone seems to agree on is that they are related to the Bulldog breeds, whose descendants include the Molossoids, which were bred for war by the Greco Romans. Their hunting and fighting abilities were widely seen in tapestries in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Boxer as we know it was developed in Germany, most likely crossbred from the Danziger Bullenbeisser and Brabanter Bullenbeisser with Bulldogs and Mastiffs in the 1830s, in order to create a strong yet agile hunting dog. They were accepted in the American Kennel Club in 1904, winning its first competition in 1915 and winning Best in the Show and Group categories in 1940.
Despite what many people believe, this is a highly sociable dog that enjoys the company of other humans and pets alike. They are gentle, loving and playful with children and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for too long. They are also very protective of their family and, therefore, wary of strangers as well as strange dogs, but with proper introduction will warm up to them in no time. Training is easy even though the Boxer does have its difficulties. For example, they can be quite stubborn and easily bored with repetitive techniques and need plenty of variation since boredom will result in destructive behavior.
Although generally healthy, Boxers can suffer from:
Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.
Cancer, noticeable through unusually swollen bumps, bleeding from any orifices, or sores that do not heal, along with difficulty breathing.
Deafness, complete loss of hearing since birth.
Demodectic Mange, or demodicosis, a disorder in which mites (which would otherwise be harmless), passed from the mother to the puppies with weak immune systems, cause hair loss and red, scaly skin. This disease usually passes on its own, but should be checked by a professional in any case.
Gastric dilatation-volvulus, or bloat, is a mortal disease in which large chested dogs are affected by eating quickly, drinking lots of water and exercising after. This causes the stomach to inflate with gas and twist, making the dog unable to get rid of the excess air through vomiting, which impedes the normal blood flow to the heart. Its blood pressure then goes down and the dog goes into shock. Without proper, and immediate, medical attention, this could be fatal. Its symptoms may include: retching without vomiting, bloated abdomen, excessive salivation, restlessness, depression, rapid heart rate, weakness, etc.
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Hypothyroidism, a disease that affects the thyroid gland, its symptoms are ear infections, skin infections, hair loss, lethargy, and depression.
Corneal Dystrophy, which are different eye diseases that are inherited and usually painless, unless ulcers develop. They can affect more than one layer of the cornea in both eyes and can be seen through an opaqueness in an area in the center of the cornea or close to the periphery.
Aortic Stenosis/Subaortic Stenosis, which is an inherited heart disease in which the aorta narrows below the aortic valve, causing the heart to work harder, leading fainting and even sudden death.
Boxer Cardiomyopathy, also known as Boxer Arrhythmic Cardiomyopathy, Familial Ventricular Arrhythmia, and Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy. This is an inherited disease in which the dog has an electrical conduction disorder that causes arrhythmia. It can be hard to detect and can cause fainting, weakness and even sudden or unexpected death.
Given that they have a short coat, grooming can be very easy, needing brushing only once or twice a week and only an occasional bath. Their nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as their teeth brushed and their ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. They need plenty of daily exercise, since they are highly energetic, which needs to be done on a leash and/or fenced area. Training can be easy, but the Boxer tends to be a little stubborn and easily bored with repetitive training, so being creative can come in handy with them. They enjoy the company of opposite sex dogs, but not always of same sex dogs. Early socialization and training classes are a must with this breed.