Life span: 13-15 Years
Height: 38-43 cm
Weight: 10-25 pounds
This small breed was once used for dog fights, but nowadays, it is known to be a great companion for families and active owners. They are, however, known to be highly energetic, with random sprouts of energy that can lead to some trouble, but their loving nature makes up for it!
This small breed has a square shaped body that is lean, yet muscular. Its tail is small and set low on its body, and it can either be straight or tightly curled. Its ears stand erect and can be cut, although this is not recommended due to its cruelty. Their eyes can be blue or brown with a black or Isabelline nose. Their coat is short and soft to the touch. Coat colors can be black, brown, light brown, or Isabelline, all combined with white. Never does a Boston Terrier come in one solid color.
This breed originated in 1870 in Boston, after Robert C. Hooper crossbred his English Terrier with a Bulldog purchased from Edward Burnett. The resulting litter was then crossbred with a French Bulldog, creating the Boston Terrier, although a bit different from its current appearance. Since they were originally bred to be pit fighters, these dogs used to weigh around 44 pounds, and they were much larger than they are now. In 1889 the breed reached a popularity high, leading to their acceptance in the American Kennel Club in 1893. A particular Boston Terrier by the name of Sergeant Stubby, was extremely helpful in World War I, it was the mascot of the 102nd Infantry Regiment, helping them by warning them of gas leaks, a wounded companion and even apprehending a German spy. When they returned to the United States, Sergeant Stubby was able to meet Presidents Calvin Coolidge, Warren G. Harding, and Woodrow Wilson.
The Boston Terrier is an intelligent dog that is full of love. It is friendly and affectionate with its family, although highly protective of it, which may result in aggressive behavior against strangers or other pets. They tend to get along well with children and, since they are quiet within the household, they make good apartment pets. Training can be quite easy, although they can be stubborn. This means patience and positive reinforcement are are a must when training your Boston Terrier, along with plenty of persistence.
The Boston Terrier can be a very healthy breed, but it can also suffer from many diseases, some of which are:
Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.
Cancer, noticeable through unusually swollen bumps, bleeding from any orifices, or sores that do not heal, along with difficulty breathing. Boston Terriers are especially prone to developing brain tumors.
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Cherry Eye, in which the gland from the third eyelid extends and looks like a cherry in the corner of your dog’s eye, which can be surgically removed.
Deafness, complete loss of hearing since birth.
Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.
Heart Murmurs, in which the heart has a malfunction that prevents it from providing enough blood for the body.
Megaesophagus, which is a defect in the esophagus that results in the regurgitation of the dog’s undigested food.
Reverse Sneezing, which may happen at any moment, is when the nasal secretions go into the soft palate and cause the windpipe to close. The dog will begin wheezing and panicking. Calming them down and helping them breathe is the best solution, which can be done by talking soothingly, forcing them to breathe through their mouths by covering their nose, etc.
Even though the Boston Terrier does shed moderately, a weekly brushing is enough to keep its coat healthy. Baths should only be given occasionally, and its nails should be trimmed regularly, as well as its teeth brushed and its ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections. The highly enjoy the company of their families and so exercised should be done together and daily. If left alone in the backyard, the Boston Terrier will just sit patiently. They also cannot be left alone for long periods of time. Training can be easy but the Boston Terrier can be a stubborn breed, so patience and positive reinforcement are a must. They need early socialization as well.