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Life span: 10-12 Years

Height: 64-69cm (Male); 58-64cm (Female)

Weight: 75-100 pounds

Not usually seen as the ideal family pet, this breed has a strong hunter instinct and is known to bark when its prey climbs a tree to escape it. However, they do love children and get along with other pets when introduced to them correctly, they are also great watch dogs, barking loudly when someone enters their territory, but never harming them.

Physical Characteristics

This large dog has long and soft ears that fall down on either side of its head. Its body is a bit longer than it is tall and has a medium length tail slightly curved and carried high. Its eyes can be hazel, brown or light brown with a black nose. Their coat is short yet dense and can feel a bit oily. The coat’s color is black with tan markings such as the eyebrows, part of the legs, chest, snout, etc.


This breed’s history points towards it being fully American. Originally from the Smoky, Appalachian, Blue Ridge and Ozarks mountain ranges as well as from the Southern States, this breed’s ancestors include the American and Virginia Foxhound, and bloodhounds. These ancestors were faithful companions of Indian Scouts and were originally used to track preys in the 1700s. The Black and Tan Coonhound acquired its name through its original purpose as a raccoon hunter (which locals called coons), and just like its ancestors, this breed is a wonderful tracker and can corner its prey, by which point it will start barking and howling to alert its owner of the prey’s whereabouts. They were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1945.


This loyal dog breed is friendly and loving. They adore children, even if they might be too loud for young ones, and get along wonderfully with other pets if raised with them. Their hunter instinct is strong and they will follow any scent that catches its attention, meaning that a fenced yard is the best option and when taken outside they need to remain on a leash. They especially enjoy taking long walks as a form of exercise, but they will constantly stop you in order to investigate any scent that gets to its nose. This also goes for food, as the Black and Tan Coonhound’s love for food is immense and they will always eat their food and any other food they can get their paws on. Training can be difficult, as they will sometimes interpret your commands wrongly, but they are very obedient and try to please their owners. With patience, positive reinforcement, and some treats, training can be accomplished.


Although usually a healthy breed, the Black and Tan Coonhound may suffer from:

Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.

Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.


This breed sheds twice a year and needs weekly brushing. They should be bathed occasionally, along with its nails trimmed regularly, its teeth brushed and its ears checked for any dirt to prevent infections.They should be exercised daily, which can be in many forms such as taking long walks, participating in field competitions, or going on hunting trips. They cannot be left alone for long periods of time or might become very loud. Training might be a bit difficult. Although they are very obedient, they will follow your commands the way they think you mean, and once learned they will stick to how they learned it. With positive reinforcement, plenty of patience, and mostly treats, training will eventually be achieved.


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