Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Life span: 11-14 Years
Height: 32-38 centimeters
Weight: 36-40 pounds
This loyal dog was originally bred to be a hunter and can be quite difficult to train. They are very loving with their families, especially with children. They are active dogs who enjoy spending time with their owners, whether it is going out for a run or playing hide and seek at home.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a small dog with small legs and a long body. Its ears are relatively long, touching the tip of its nose when stretched towards it, and are situated low on its head. Its tail is medium length and should not be cut. Its eyes are brown with a black or brown nose. Its double coat is medium length, dense and rough to the touch, although the undercoat tends to be a bit softer. The coat can be light brown, golden or a dark red color.
Originating in France, these dogs have records dating back to the 1500s and are classified as hounds. Its ancestor, the Grand Basset Fauve de Bretagne, became extinct. This breed was introduced in 1520 to the French court with one dog of this breed named Mirraud, brought by Admiral d’Anneboulde and bred by the court in order to produce more dogs of this breed. However, only French aristocrats could own this breed, until the French Revolution, allowing the breed to be owned by anyone starting from 1789. Used as a hunter, these dogs originally had long legs that allowed them to run next to horses, but since many peasants did not own horses, these developed shorter legs, hunting on rough terrain next to their owners. In 2015 this breed was registered in the Foundation Stock Service and nowadays many Basset breeds are already recognized by the American Kennel Club.
This breed is a loyal and caring breed who loves its family. Although it enjoys playing with children, unless raised with toddlers, it might keep its distance from them. They tend to be friendly towards strangers. However, it is a hound, and it can be very stubborn and hard to train. Not only do they have trouble finding their designated area for doing their necessities, but if they do not see the owner as a strong leader, will attempt to steal the leader position from them. This means they need an owner who establishes their dominance as group leader in a strong manner, while still having plenty of patience when training them.
Even though this breed tends to be healthy, some dogs can suffer from:
Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.
Epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can produce seizures.
Hypothyroidism, a disease that affects the thyroid gland, its symptoms are ear infections, skin infections, hair loss, lethargy, and depression.
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Ear Infections, which can be prevented by constant cleaning of any debris or excess wax.
Its rough coat repels dirt and should be brushed weekly. Its ears need to be checked constantly for any dirt to avoid infections and its teeth need to be brushed, as well as its nails should be cut regularly. They need daily exercise, whether it is indoors playing with a ball or outdoors going for a walk. If going for a walk they should always remain on a leash due to their hunter instincts and the backyard should be fenced. Competing with them in agility, obedience or rally competitions is also good exercise for them. They are relatively hard to train, since they have a lot of trouble concentrating, and can be stubborn. It should start at an early age and with positive reinforcement.