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Australian Terrier

Dogsora

Life span: 12-15 Years

Height: 23-28 centimeters

Weight: 14-16 pounds

This small, friendly dog is perfect for any family, extremely loyal and caring. Although it is small, this breed tends to take life on with quite the attitude, what is usually referred to as a “big dog personality”. However, they tend to love their family so much, they will act according to the mood they believe its owner is in, if the owner is sad it will act quiet, if the owner is happy it will act excited, and so on!

Physical Characteristics

Despite being so small, this dog is not as delicate as it seems. It tends to be longer than it is tall with strong paws and dark nails. Its ears stand erect at each side of its head, and its tail is usually cut and therefore small, standing straight and high on its body. Its eyes are brown with a black nose. The double coat consists of a harsh 2.5 inches of overcoat used to protect them from the weather, and a soft undercoat. It is shorter around the snout, lower parts of the legs and feet. It is longer in the chest area, where it seems to puff up. Coat colors can be blue, red, tan, or cream.

History

The Australian Terrier was said to be the first breed to have been bred in Australia, originating in Tasmania in the 1800s and first known as the Toy Terrier, Blue Terrier or Rough Coated Terrier. Its colors were only tan and blue, developing the red and sand colors until later. This dog’s ancestors are the Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, Manchester Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier and Dandie Dinmont. It was used as a loyal companion and to get rid of snakes and pests. In 1887 a club for this breed formed in Melbourne, although the standard for this breed was not successfully established until 1896, becoming popular in show rings and as companions in Britain. They appeared in the United States in 1925 and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1960. They are currently Australia’s national breed.

Personality

They love to be with their families or owners and will be content with following you everywhere you go and spending time with you. Loyal and caring, they are perfect with one or multiple owners. They are shy with strangers but will warm up to them once they see their owners interact with them calmly. They need constant entertainment and daily exercise. Although they don’t usually get along with small pets due to their instinct, with the proper training they should have no problem adapting.

Health

This breed is usually very healthy, but may suffer from:

Allergies that produce the same symptoms you see in humans, and depending on the cause, different treatments can be used.

Diabetes Mellitus, in which the dog will attempt to eat more food to replace the glucose missing from its cells due to the lack of regulation of blood sugar levels. The dog will lose weight instead of gaining. Symptoms include increased appetite, weight loss, excessive urination, etc.

Legg-Perthes is a disease caused by the lack of blood reaching the femur bone, causing the cartilage around it to crack and for the bone to eventually collapse, affecting the hip joint, and noticeable through the dog limping.

Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.

Care

Its coat is easy to keep clean, naturally protecting the body from dirt. Brushing should be done once a week, bathing only when needed. Their eyes should be regularly checked for any fur causing discomfort in order to prevent infections and its nails should be trimmed on a regular basis. They need a fenced in area where they can safely play and if taken out they must always be on a leash. That being said, they need daily exercise or might become bored which can result in destructive behavior. They respond best to training when given treats or praise, and will become bored easily, so sessions cannot be too long. Even with training, however, this breed tends to be stubborn and jealous and is likely to not like to share what it considers its own, such as toys or its family, and might therefore not be able to live with another male dog.

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