American Eskimo Dog
Life span: 10-15 Years
Height: 38-51 centimeters
Weight: 20-40 pounds
This beautiful dog is a great companion and is loyal to its family. Known as one of the smartest breeds, this dog is perfect for first time owners, as long as you don’t mind its hairy coat! With its friendly and lovely personality, you’ll never lack affection from this breed!
The American Eskimo Dog has a beautiful white coat that can also be cream colored. The undercoat is thick, with the guard hairs growing out of it into a thinner overcoat. Its alert eyes come in dark brown and amber colors, with a brown or black nose. The tail curls loosely over its body, and its ears are small and pointed. Its fur creates a “mane” around its neck, more prominent in males than in females.
Most likely descendants of the German Spitz, this breed entered the United States alongside German immigrants in the 1800s. Originally known as the American Spitz, and renamed the American Eskimo Dog due to the anti-German feelings World War I brought, even though Eskimos are in no way related to this breed. The German Spitz was bred with the purpose of being a guard dog, however, the American Eskimo Dog was noticed for its talent in entertainment, such as walking the tightrope in circuses. It was officially recognized as its own breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1994 as a non-sporting dog.
Due to its history, this breed makes an amazing watchdog, although not violent, it tends to be loud if there is a stranger within its territory. Once introduced by its owner to the stranger, it will quickly become friends with them. It especially loves children, and are patient and loving with them. This family dog will also be friendly to other pets such as cats, but might find fun to chase smaller animals such as hamsters or birds. With its high intelligence and will to please, they are easy to train and tend to be calm indoors. It does, however, need a lot of attention and exercise and cannot be left alone for long or it will develop separation anxiety.
With a tendency towards becoming overweight, and suffering from allergies, this breed may also suffer from:
Hip dysplasia, a hereditary disease in which there is an abnormal formation in the hip socket, that may eventually cause painful arthritis. It may also be affected by the environment they reside in.
Luxating Patella, in which the kneecaps may dislocate or move from its proper place.
Cataracts, in which the lens of the eye clouds, causing partial or complete loss of vision.
Legg-Perthes is a disease caused by the lack of blood reaching the femur bone, causing the cartilage around it to crack and for the bone to eventually collapse, affecting the hip joint, and noticeable through the dog limping.
Tear staining, which may be caused by excessive tear production or eye infections.
With is thick coat, the American Eskimo needs brushing two to three times a week, bathing it only once every couple of months due to its skin sensitivity. Its eyes should be cleaned constantly due to its likeliness to get eye infections, as well as checking their ears constantly and keeping them clean. This dog can be in small spaces due to its size, but cannot be apart from its family for long. It prefers cold climates, but can handle otherwise. It does, however, need daily exercise and constant socialization. They are prone to being allergic to certain types of food and need a balanced diet.